Embolism: have you heard of it? Eduardo Beauté, hairdresser of the famous, died in 2019 due to a brain embolism. We went to investigate what are embolies, what types, treatment and even ways to prevent it.
What is an embolism?
An embolism occurs when a foreign object (piston) is formed and moves in the blood or lymph vessels, which eventually blocks circulation.
There are several types of stamps. An embolus is most often formed by coagulated blood cells, known as a thromb. Thrombosis can cause thromboembolia.
However, a piston can also be formed from other substance such as gas bubbles, fat particles, bacteria and even cancer cells (which cause metastases).
What can cause an embolism?
There are several reasons that may favor embolia, directly or indirectly. Here are a few:
Atherosclerosis (accumulation of fatty plaques in blood vessels)
Cardiac arrhythmia (most common in old age)
Deep venous thrombosis (formation of blood clots in the blood vessels of the legs)
To spend a long period immobilized
Types of embolism
As mentioned in the introduction to this article, Eduardo Beauté bowed to a brain embolism. There are therefore several types of embolia that depend on the type of embolus and the location of the embolia. Infopedia reports the following types of embolism:
Cerebral: embolism in a cerebral artery with softening of the area it irrigates. If a blood clot moves to the brain, it is quite dangerous as it can cause a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (also known as a mini-stroke).
Gaseous: air or gas embolism. This type of embolism may, for example, occur in divers. If they quickly return to the surface, air bubbles can form in the bloodstream and block it.
Gorda: embolism due to fat that entered the bloodstream. It can occur after fractures or after surgery on obese levels.
Lymphatic: embolism in a lymphatic vessel.
Pulmonary: embolism in a pulmonary artery or its branches. It is caused by an embolus that is usually formed in the leg (sometimes known as deep vein thrombosis or DVT), which settles into one of the lung’s arteries.
Retiniana or da retina: embolism in the central retinal artery; may cause sudden blindness in the affected eye
Sética: vascular obstruction, usually in the capillaries, of infectious microorganisms. It occurs when particles created by an infection in the body reach the bloodstream and block blood vessels.
Amniotic fluid: it is very rare. It is caused by amniotic fluid during pregnancy. It can travel to the pregnant woman’s lungs and cause amniotic pulmonary embolism.
The symptoms of embolia are due to the sudden interruption of the blood supply. Symptoms vary depending on their location and may include:
Shortness of breath or wheezing
Numbness in a limb
Loss of strength in one arm
Loss of consciousness
Increased heart rate
Swollen, tired and heavy legs
Visible leg ulcers
Treatment and prevention of embolia
Thrombs can sometimes break up due to pressure in the bloodstream. However, if it prevents blood flow, a thromable can have serious consequences like DVT or stroke.
Treatment and prevention of embolia caused by thrombosis (thromboembolism) involves medications with anticoagulants or thrombolytics (fibrinolytics).
Non-drug settings are intended to help prevent embolia. Thus, they can use compression units and compression stockings to prevent blood from accumulating in the legs. In case of prolonged leg inactivity, the leg muscles can be stretched and massaged.
You can also make some changes to your lifestyle to prevent thrombification. So avoid smoking, maintain your ideal weight, follow a balanced diet, exercise every day and check your blood pressure.