Is it true that babies are born with hyperopia?
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Is it true that babies are born with hyperopia?

Yes, they are born seeing poorly, but the vision tends to evolve naturally with the baby’s development. Understand!

With so many organs and systems involved in the functioning of the human body, it is logical to think that, even after nine months in the mother’s belly, the baby does not leave “ready” and still has much to develop.

But besides the most obvious, that we know that only with time and learning will the child acquire – like speech, specific movements and logical reasoning – the ophthalmopediatrician Dr. Marcela Barreira tells us that there is another sense that is not 100% structured with the arrival of the little one: vision.

The child is born seeing poorly, because his vision is still developing, with its cerebral pathway not yet fully formed ”, she says.

“The eye is the last organ to finish forming, at about seven years of age”, he adds. In this sense, the The ability to see is nothing more than a learning process that takes place as the child grows, as he receives stimuli.

According to the doctor, we can even say that every newborn has hyperopia. “That because their eyes are smaller than the adult’s and this small diameter is characteristic of hyperopia, ”she explains.

However, Marcela reassures the parents, stressing that the condition in babies does not necessarily mean a problem. “Twe have a curve of what is considered ‘normal’ for each age and we can only consider it pathological if it is out of the expected for the age group ”, he points out.

In addition, as the ophthalmopediatrician has already said, vision tends to stabilize over time, so this initial hyperopia often ends up disappearing. “In this process called emetropization, the eye is left with ‘zero degree’ throughout the first two to three years of life ”, he explains.

Ah! And she still clarifies a myth: despite the baby’s small eyes and not yet having learned to fix the vision up close, the specialist demystifies the question that they see “blurred”. “THE children have a capacity to compensate for this hyperopia very large, so they can acquire the necessary clarity for visualization ”, he says.

When to take the baby to the ophthalmologist?

Still in the maternity ward, the baby performs the eye test, which may lead parents to believe that this care is already sufficient. However, that is not what doctors in the area say.

“The test is not considered an eye examination, as it is only for screening, detecting some conditions that can impair visual development, such as a retinal scar. However, it is not a procedure performed by an ophthalmologist, even with an enlarged pupil, in addition to failing to identify the child’s degree ”, reveals Marcela.

Therefore, a Brazilian Society of Pediatric Ophthalmology recommends that small undergo a routine eye consultation between six months and one year of life, so that the professionals can identify if the vision is normal, if there is no difference in degree between the eyes or any other condition that can be harmful, such as retinal injury and other congenital problems. See other eye diseases that affect babies.

“We defend early exams precisely because the child does not show that he is not seeing. For her, even if she has hyperopia or myopia, for example, that is normal, and so she will learn to develop with what she has, showing very late signs ”, concludes the doctor.


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