care Pregnancy

Polyps in the womb: what are they?

Have you been diagnosed with a polypp in the womb and are you worried? You almost certainly don’t worry, and in principle you shouldn’t have any problems. The first thing we advise you to do is to learn more about polyps in the uterus. So prepare a drink, sit comfortably and read this article.


What are polyps in the womb?

Polyps in the uterus, also known as polyp in the endometrium, consist of excessive growth of cells in the endometrium and forming nodules.

Although the term “polyps” may cause concern, as we mentioned above, these growths are almost always benign (non-carcinogenic). The incidence of endometrial polyps is higher in postmenopausal women.

However, younger women are no exception, and they can also develop polyps in the womb. The worst part is that polyp, depending on their dimensions and location, can cause problems getting pregnant.

What are the causes of polyps in the uterus?

The exact cause of its formation is not yet known. However, it is thought that hormonal changes may be the cause of the causes of its appearance.

The uterus are sensitive to the hormone estrogen and grow as such in response to circulating estrogen. When there is no pregnancy, endometrium is eliminated and the menstrual period is displayed. In the next phase, it spreads again under the influence of estrogens. Polyps are actually areas of endometrium where this growth was excessive, the CUF portal explains.

What are the symptoms?

Polyps in the uterus can be asymptomatic, especially when patients are postmenopausal. In fact, it is estimated that between 70 and 75% of cases in postmenopausal women are asymptomatic.

When they are symptomatic, the most common clinical manifestation is excessive uterine bleeding.

In some cases, polyp in the uterus may interfere with female fertility, and it is also possible that they increase the likelihood of a termination of pregnancy slightly, although these aspects are still poorly known.

On the other hand, when symptoms occur, the woman may experience:

How are polyps diagnosed in the womb?

The diagnosis of polyps in the uterus may go unnoticed in asymptomatic patients, especially postmenopausal women. These patients can eventually be detected in a transvaginal ultrasound.

In addition, after reporting the symptoms, a transvaginal ultrasound can be performed on the patient.

If malignant lesions are suspected, samples from endometrium may also be taken for analysis.

Hysteroscopy is another effective method that allows the doctor to examine the inside of the uterus and remove any polyps that can be found. Clinical follow-up will therefore not be necessary.

The diagnosis makes it possible to choose the appropriate treatment.


Treatment of a polypp in the uterus may not even be necessary if it is small in size and does not cause complications, such as preventing the woman from becoming pregnant. If treatment is needed, it will of course depend on the clinical picture. It is usually rare for these growths to develop into a malignant problem. But sometimes when there is doubt, the doctor chooses a biopsy.

Clinical follow-up: in the case of small polyps in the uterus without symptoms. Treatment is unnecessary as these growths can disappear alone.

Medications: with hormones to reduce the size of uterine polyps and relieve symptoms. However, with this solution, symptoms may return as soon as you stop taking the medicine.

Curettage: take a sample from inside the uterus for laboratory analysis or removal of polyps. Curettage can be performed using a hysteroscope that serves to visualize the procedure inside the uterus.

Hysteroscopy: allows the doctor to examine the inside of the woman’s uterus and remove any polyps that can be found.

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